γ-Cyclodextrin nanoparticle eye drops with dorzolamide: effect on intraocular pressure in man.

Abstract:

PURPOSE: To test a new drug delivery platform with dorzolamide γ-cyclodextrin (γCD) nanoparticle eye drops for intraocular pressure (IOP) control and safety and compare with Trusopt.(®)
METHODS: Self-aggregating γCD nanoparticle eye drops containing 3% dorzolamide were given once a day (QD) and compared with Trusopt given three times a day (TID) in a prospective randomized single masked crossover trial over 24 h. Seventeen subjects with IOP over 18 mmHg were recruited. IOP was measured with an Icare Tonometer Pro.(®)

RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in the IOP lowering effect of dorzolamide nanoparticle eye drops QD and Trusopt TID. At peak (4 h), the IOP reduction from baseline was 3.8±2.6 mmHg (18%, P<0.05) in the nanoparticle eye drop group and 3.1±3.7 mmHg in the Trusopt group (14%, P<0.05, P=0.97 between groups). At trough (24 h), the IOP reduction was 1.4±2.8 mmHg (6%, P>0.05) in nanoparticle eye drop group and 1.5±2.0 mmHg (7%, P>0.05) in the Trusopt group (P=0.23 between groups). Burning sensation measured on the visual analogue scale (1-100) was less from the nanoparticle eye drops (12±15) than from the Trusopt (37±30), (P=0.0038). Visual acuity and conjunctival hyperemia did not differ between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Dorzolamide cyclodextrin nanoparticle eye drops QD lower IOP and the effect seems comparable to Trusopt given TID. The nanoparticle eye drops are well tolerated and seem to have a better safety profile than Trusopt.

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